Prediabetes AKA borderline diabetes is also a warning sign that you are about to progress toward type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes, is mostly acquired due to being overweight, and because of lack of exercise or being inactive that the body is becoming resistant to insulin and also when the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin.
So before it goes any further – move more, diet and exercise!
There are 7 symptoms of prediabetes you shouldn’t ignore.
Polyuria or frequent/excessive urination
You will notice the need to go to the toilet more often, and it is taking you a long time to empty your bladder compared to how it was before, you are urinating too much and this is the most common symptom for prediabetes. Also, at night even when you are asleep, you feel the urge to go to the toilet to urinate. The body is compensated by excreting glucose via urination when the level of glucose in your body is too high.
Polydipsia or extreme thirst
You felt the need to drink water often as if you are always thirsty, and there is a feeling of weakness because of excessive thirst, another is throat and mouth dryness. This is one sign that the glucose level in your body is too high. When you drink water, on the other hand, this will cause frequent urination.
If you noticed such a frequent occurrence, have your blood sugar level checked so you can determine or rule out prediabetes symptoms.
Tingling or numbness in your extremities
If you feel a prickling sensation in your fingers or your toes in the morning before you wake up or even at night this is also a sign of nerve damage. It doesn’t necessarily appear during morning or night alone but also at any time of the day. There is also a feeling of numbness and weakness in both your hands and feet.
The other term for this condition is diabetic neuropathy. This said condition doesn’t develop overnight but usually after years of uncontrolled glucose level in your body.
There are also distinct types of diabetic neuropathy and can affect distinct parts of your body.
Wounds that won’t heal or takes a longer time to heal
This is another prediabetes sign. Over time, when the nerve is already affected the blood circulation also suffers, hence, when there is a wound or sores, it is taking a long time to heal. The wound can even scar after some time and then will again create another wound because the inner lining of the skin is not healing. This will cause the wound to get bigger and create more pus.
Some people who have an unchecked blood glucose level doesn’t know that they need to take precaution not to get any wound. Even the simplest sores caused by ill-fitting shoes should be avoided.
Unexplained Weight loss
If you are not in any way giving an effort to losing weight and you are not at all exercising to lose weight, but suddenly you are losing weight, this may be a warning sign that your blood glucose may be too high.
When the insulin is not enough, and it is preventing the body from getting glucose to the cells of the body for energy use, the body will start burning fat and muscle for energy that leads to bodyweight reduction. There are other diagnoses for unexplained weight loss, such as hyperthyroidism, pancreatic disorder to the most dreaded Cancer.
Another symptom of high glucose in the body. When your blood sugar level is not controlled for a long time, the lens of your eye swells. It will return to normal in a few weeks once the blood sugar is contained and returned to its normal range.
Some people do not have their sugar levels checked but get their eyes checked when they notice blurring, and changes in their vision and this is not helpful at all. They might use eyeglasses, not knowing that the issue is an uncontrolled blood sugar level.
Uncontrolled blood sugar will at first cause blurred vision, and then if this is not corrected, it will weaken blood vessels in the eyes that, after so many years and still untreated, will cause permanent damage in your vision.
Patches and darkening of the skin
This symptom is usually discoloration of the skin that can either be found on the armpit, groin, on your neck, and mostly on the nape. This condition is also called Acanthosis Nigricans. It also shows on body folds and creases of the skin, while for other people, discoloration or patches appear on the lips, elbows, knees, soles of the feet, and in their palms.
This occurrence will eventually lighten once you control the sugar level and are back to normal.
People who have experienced these symptoms also notice thickening of the skin patches or darkened portion of the skin, and it is not curable with any lotion, body oil, or scrubbing.
Prediabetes can be controlled as long as you have discipline, and you want to be healthy.
Here are tips on how to reverse this condition.
This is the number one advice of doctors to people with the above symptoms. Change your diet and control calorie intake. Less fat, less meat intake, and more fruits, and vegetables in your diet. Eat healthy carbohydrates, and if you are eating rice instead of bread watch out for the quantity of the rice you consume.
Being physically active is also another advice by the doctor that you should heed. A simple walking for 10 to 15 minutes for your first day then progressing to 20 minutes the next till you can do it for a longer time but not to the point of extremely exhausting yourself. Walk the shorter distance instead of taking a cab or using the stairs instead of the elevator just to go to the next floor will surely benefit you, eventually.
Avoid beverages with high sugar content
Water is the way to go instead of buying smoothies, juice, carbonated drinks that contains an unmentionable amount of sugar.
Monitor your blood sugar
This is the best advice from the doctor that you should also follow. By making sure that you are controlling your blood sugar level, you can persevere further to make sure that it will stay that way.